Jan 26

Shariah Guidelines on Entertainment

cat1Just to share with all of you the extract of the Shariah Guidelines on Organizing Event that i’ve developed recently. The guidelines below is focusing on the entertainment part. Hope this small contribution will benefit muslim ummah.

-Any entertainment elements or activities during the celebration must not contradict with Shariah principles. It is allowed to have music i.e. music from music instruments. It is based on the following situation:

1.Any music or sound that comes from musical instruments which are prohibited by Shariah is considered as haram.

2.Any music or sound that comes from musical instruments which are allowed by Shariah is considered as harus.

3.Any music and sound that comes from musical instruments which are allowed by Shariah but used or played in unIslamic situation i.e. involved in liquor, women singer in front of men (ajnabi) is haram.

Muslim jurists differ (ikhtilaf) on this matter and there are three (3) views on music:

1.Some of them said music and its instruments are haram. It is based on a few hadiths which means, as follows:

Narrated by Abu ‘Amir or Abu Malik Al-Ash’ari: that he heard the Prophet saying, “From among my followers there will be some people who will consider illegal sexual intercourse, the wearing of silk, the drinking of alcoholic drinks and the use of musical instruments, as lawful. (Bukhari, book 7, volume 69, hadith 494)

Narrated by Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-‘As: The Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade wine (khamr), games of chance (maysir), the drum (kubah), and wine made from millet (ghubayrah), saying: Every intoxicant is forbidden. (Abu Daud, book 26, hadith 3677)

Kitab al-Muhazzab by al-imam Abu Ishak as-Syirazi clearly mentioned playing music instruments is haram even though without songs. As-Syirazi said:

It is haram to use music instruments to produce sound without a song i.e. guitar, tanbur, ma’zifah, thabl (drum) and mizmar.

2.There are Muslim jurists who allowed music and its instruments. Dr Wahbah al-Zuhayli said imam Malik, az-zohiriyah and a group of Ulama’ Sufi allow people to listen to songs with musical instruments like al-‘ud (music instruments with string like guitar and others). This is also a view of a group of sahabat like ibnu Umar, Abdullah bin Jaafar, Abdullah bin Az-Zubair, Mua’wiyah, Amru bin Al-‘As and others. It is also the view of some of tabien like Said bin al-Musayyab.

3.There are also Muslim jurists that prohibited certain musical instruments and allowed others. The prohibited (haram) musical instruments are al-mizmar (blow like flute, clarinet (Serunai), trumpet and others), al-awtar ( music instruments with strings like guitar) and Thoblu al-kubah (like a drum). This is also a view of Imam al-Ghazali. The above instruments are symbolic of drunkard and hermaphrodite (khunsa). Other than these instruments are allowed (harus).
From the above views and debate, the status of music falls under ikhtilaf al-ulama’. Muslims must respect all views because every view comes with a strong basis (hujah).

From the views and observations to the current situation in Malaysia, it can be concluded that music and musical instruments are permissible or harus but subject to the following conditions:

1.The music does not lead people to carelessness and negligence as to his responsibilities and duties as Muslims.

2.The music is not accompanied by women not covering their aurah appropriately singing songs in front of male audience.

3.It is prohibited for women to sing a song in an alluring manner in front of male audience.

4.The performances and the event does not involve liquor and lewdness.

5.The music must be suitable with the celebration and will not lead to negative perceptions.

It is allowed for men to sing songs with conditions as below:

1.Lyrics of the songs do not contradict with Islamic teachings i.e. worship to something other than Allah SWT that can lead to syirik.

2.The lyrics do not lead people to maksiat and sin i.e. about love, women and sex.

3.The performance should be in courteous manner.

4.The performance is not only for women audience.

writen by: Ustaz Mohamad Saifudin bin Gahnehman

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